Hydroponic System And How It Works

in Garden

Today's busy lifestyles and city living make it very hard for people to be able to keep a garden let alone even maintain one. With a normal garden you would need soil and the space to grow plants. You would also need to have the right nutrients to make the garden flourish. Hydroponic gardens are a great alternative to traditional gardens because they use a unique soiling system that suspends the plants and the roots in liquid instead of soil. The hydroponic system is advanced and can be used for many different kinds of hydroponic gardening systems.

Hydroponic systems are used to grow plants without soil, but using water, and other necessary thing, like nutrients, lights, air etc. Having a deeper understanding of how the system works and the different kinds of hydroponic systems that are available can help you make an intelligent decision about which one would work for you. Types of hydroponic systems include:

Wick systems - they can be made by yourself or even be much more advantaged. These systems usually don't have moving parts and can be very big. This type has different types of growing medium, such as Perlite, Vermiculite, Pro-Mix and Coconut Fiber.

Ebb & Flow systems - where water and nutrients are pumped up to the roots and drained back into the reservoir. They are very useful in small gardens. On one side, this system is automated, but on the other side power outages, timer failures and pump failures are very common, especially with mediums such as Gravel, Growrocks, Perlite.

Drip systems - it applies water slowly and directly into the medium. It is the most popular today. A timer controls a submersed pump, and nutrient solution is dripped onto the base of each plant by a small drip line. There are also different types of this system and it is usually simply designed.

Water pump driven Drip system - this one uses an air pump to force the water and nutrients into the drip rings. It can have mediums like Hydroton grow rocks, Rock Wool, Silicone Stones.

NTF /Nutrient film technique - this system has a constant flow of nutrient solution so no timer required for the submersible pump. Some NTF growers has set timer and some work all the time. Plants are usually supported in small plastic basket with the roots dangling into the nutrient solution with just enough medium to hold the plant in place.

Aeroponics and Aero Cloners - The first one requires growing using a combination of a water/nutrient mist & air and the second one except they are designed for propagating cuttings/clones.

Fog technology - this system is pretty much new in hydroponics. It eliminates all water borne pathogens and pests, reduces algae growth by utilizing a unique ultrasonic, "dry fog" nutrient delivery system.

Going through the many types of hydroponic systems that are available will show you that picking the right hydroponic system can be a real feat. To be sure that you know how each system type works and knowing how they are all effective will help you make a choice about hydroponic systems.

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Hydroponic System And How It Works

This article was published on 2011/03/17